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TROPICAL WET CLIMATE

(most measurements in Fahrenheit and inches... sorry rest of the world)

Tropical Wet climate is only found along the Equator. Land along the Equator receives direct sunlight throughout the year. The tilt of the Earth that creates seasons doesn't affect this area because the land along the Equator never tilts away from direct sunlight. This area is known for constant warm temperatures and regular rainfall. 

Where is Tropical Wet Climate Usually Located?

Tropical Wet is only found along the equator and usually within 25 degrees of the equator.  However, not all land along the Equator has this climate. Other factors contribute to an area's climate such as wind patterns. Large areas of Tropical Wet are found in Brazil, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

What Seasons Does Tropical Wet Climate Have?

Seasons don't change in Tropical Wet climate, so there is only 1 season.  As our Earth revolves around the sun, the equator always receives direct sunlight and warmth throughout the entire year.  Direct sunlight is different than indirect sunlight.  Indirect sunlight delivers light, but may not deliver warmth. Indirect sunlight definitely delivers less warmth. For example, the polar areas receive light, but very little warmth. Direct sunlight mean light and warmth. Areas outside of the Tropics receive direct sunlight only when they tilt toward the sun--we call this summer. 

What are the Temperatures like in Tropical Wet Climate?

Temperatures stay the same throughout most of the year because these areas are found along the equator and receive constant direct sunlight.  The average temperature is about 80 degrees (27 Celsius) as you can see from the line below.  The temperatures feel hotter because the humidity is usually very high.  Humidity is the amount of water in the air.  Daytime temperatures rarely go over 93 degrees, and nighttime temperatures rarely go below 68 degrees. 

How Much Precipitation Does Tropical Wet Climate Receive?

Tropical Wet gets it name from the regular rainfall it receives throughout the year.  It sometimes rains every day--usually in the morning or early afternoon.  The reason it rains so much here is because of the regular warm temperatures, which evaporate water and keep the humidity high.  Most areas of Tropical Wet receive over 100 inches of rain per year, although some receive nearly 300 inches per year.

What Kinds of Vegetation (Plants) Does Tropical Wet Climate Have?

The constant rain and direct sunlight at the equator allow tropical rainforests to develop.  This is the only climate that can support true tropical rainforests.  Tropical rainforests only cover 6% of the Earth's surface, yet they produce 40% of the oxygen and support nearly half of all plant and animal species known on Earth.  These forests are so packed full of trees the top layer (canopy layer) often blocks all sunlight from reaching the forest floor.  The picture below shows the layers of a tropical rainforest.

Tropical Rainforest Layers
This is a graphic that shows the layers of a tropical rainforest.
Tropical Rainforest
This image shows an arial view of a tropical rainforest.
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What Kinds of Animals Does Tropical Wet Climate Have?

The constant rain and direct sunlight at the equator allow tropical rainforests to develop.  This is the only climate that can support true tropical rainforests.  Tropical rainforests only cover 6% of the Earth's surface, yet they produce 40% of the oxygen and support nearly half of all plant and animal species known on Earth.  These forests are so packed full of trees the top layer (canopy layer) often blocks all sunlight from reaching the forest floor.  The picture below shows the layers of a tropical rainforest.

Blue and Yellow Macaw
This is a pictures of a Blue and Yellow Macaw bird found in tropical rainforests.
Giant Thorny Phasmid
This is a picture of a Giant Thorny Phasmid on a persons hand.
Blue Jeans Poison Dart Frog
This is a pictures of a Blue Jeans Poison Dart Frog
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